Places in Hampi - Stage 3 (3-4 hours)
Vittala Temple Complex
This is one of the principal monuments of the city. It is dedicated to Vittala, an aspect of Vishnu. This temple was built in 15'th century under the patronage of Devaraya 2'nd (1422-46 AD). The temple is built on sculptured ornate plinth, the composite pillars of the maha mantapa (congregation hall) are massive, hewn out of single granite blocks, which are designed as clusters of slender pillars. Some of these when tapped gently, produce musical notes. The stone chariot, at the entrance a reproduction of a processional wooden chariot, perhaps the most stunning achievement, typical of the Vijayanagara period. It houses an image of garuda, the vehicle of lord Vishnu. The ornate kalyana mantapa (marriage hall). Utsava mantapa (festival hall), and Devi shrines completes the resemble of the temple complex. Outside the temple, to the east is huge Bazar or market where the horses were traded. Even today we can see the ruins of the market on both the sides of the road. The temple contains the images of foreigners like Persians selling horses. The bazar measuring 945 mts. in length and 40 metres in width leading to a sacred tank know as Lokapavani.
Malyavanta hill & Raghunatha temple
It is one of the few hilltops in Hampi where you can reach by a vehicle. The view and ambiance are as remarkable. Due to its relative isolation, you would find a much smaller tourist crowd on top of this hill than other hilltops in Hampi The hilltop includes large temple campus at the top. The main temple, popularly known as Malayavanta Raghunatha Temple, is dedicated to lord Rama. The topography of many hills, the contours of the green fields filling the valley and planes, the almost thread like trails that snake through the ridges and fields, the anonymous monuments that scatter around all gives a feel that you are looking at a gigantic live map of Hampi. The visibility is especially great during the brighter part of the day. Just around this area you will notice a gigantic boulder, over which a whitewashed shrine tower is located. The shrine beneath it houses a Shivalinga.
This Jain temple complex is dedicated to Kunthunatha, the 17th Thirthankara of the Jain's faith, was built by Irugappa dandanayaka, Commander-in- chief of Harihara 2 and constructed in 1386 AD. The temple is elevation has a terraced super structure over the sanctum, and a porch to the north and east. The huge lamp-column at the north facing entrance has an inscription to this effect. It is also referred to as the Kunthunatha Jain temple. It is typical example of early Vijayanagara architecture and is known for its simplicity of form and design, with influences from the late Chalukya period.
This gateway is a classic example of the Vijayanagara military architecture. The gate got its name from the legendary Bhima of the Hindu epic Mahabharatha. A figure of Bhima – the strongest of the five Pandavas brothers – is carved on the gate. The interesting feature of the gate is its smart design. One cannot cross this archway in a straight line. You enter this gateway complex through its western arch. Straight ahead is a huge tall block of a wall like structure. You turn right, left and then once again left to go around this obstruction to reach the exit at the north.